Dolichos is a prostrate, twining, herbaceous annual/ biennial crop. It is a summer legume crop with a well-developed taproot system. It is a dual purpose crop; pulse grains (human food) or forage (animal food) utilized by grazing it or in a cut-and-carry system. It can also be used as a cover crop/ green manuring.
The minimum annual rainfall requirements for Dolichos are 450 mm, but production greatly increases in higher rainfall areas.